This page has a diverse set of links concerned broadly with cultural and social
aspects of disasters. The latest addition is topmost in any list.
See the new page on Disability
Click for links to Children's
Click for links to Elders'
Click for link to Women's
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A gender search on ReliefWeb:
The United Nations Development Fund for Women - UNIFEM www.unifem.org
Afghanistan: Huge number of women involved in anti-polio drive
ARC: Women are key to Sierra Leone's future
||See also the Proceeedings
from the Reaching Women and Children in Disasters Conference, held in Miami, Florida in
June 2000 http://www.apu.ac.uk/geography/rwcidconference/.
Dowload Word file of Proceedings
health during conflict and displacement - Report by Samantha Guy http://wwww.reliefweb.int/w/rwb.nsf/9ca65951ee22658ec125663300408599/c8695afc13bc600d85256b92005d41e3?OpenDocument
||Empowering women in
Bangladesh By Hanna Schmuck, in Cox's Bazar. ReliefWeb http://www.reliefweb.int/w/rwb.nsf/9ca65951ee22658ec125663300408599/570056eb0ae62524c1256b6b00587224?OpenDocument
||The Division for the Advancement of Women (DAW)
organized, in collaboration with the Secretariat for the International Strategy for
Disaster Reduction (ISDR), an Expert Group Meeting (EGM) on "Environmental
management and the mitigation of natural disasters: a gender perspective",
in Ankara, Turkey from 6 to 9 November 2001. The Commission on the Status of Women (CSW)
selected this topic as a priority theme in its multi-year programme of work for 2002-2006.
The meeting analyzed "women as part of the solution" rather than women's
vulnerabilities to disaster, focusing on positive aspects, experiences and characteristics
that reduce women's vulnerability, promote gender equality and provide concrete solutions
to global problems. The role of women as key environmental managers and key actors in
natural disaster management are primary issues which were explored. Findings and
conclusions will be considered by the United Nations Commission on the Status of Women
(New York, March 2002), and become a possible contribution to the World Summit on
Sustainable Development (Johannesburg, Summer 2002).
The web page for the Expert Group Meeting is http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/csw/env_manage/
From there you can find links to downloadable documents.
Prior to the meeting there was an online discussion, the materials from which are
available at http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/csw/env_manage/e-forum.html
||Women at Ground Zero - by Susan Hagen and Mary Carouba
||Afghan women share their messages of
hope - ReliefWeb
||THE NEEDS OF WOMEN IN DISASTERS AND EMERGENCIES
Prepared for the Disaster Management Training Programme of the United Nations Development
Programme and the Office of the United Nations Disaster Relief Coordinator by Raymond E.
Wiest. Jane S.P. Mocellin, and D. Thandiwe Motsisi. Winnipeg, Manitoba 20 June 1994
(Revised Edition). You will need Adobe Acrobat to download this file. This Adobe
Acrobat Reader (PDF) release of the manuscript is set up for duplex printing, i.e., to be
printed on both sides of a sheet. If printed on only one side of a sheet, the page
numbering in the headers will alternate between left and right.
||There is a website and email
discussion list which focus on gender and disasters: the Gender and Disaster
Network at http://www.gdnonline.org.
Register with the website and then send messages to the list at Gdn@Clio.Fiu.Edu.
||PAHO have an interesting site
on Women Health and Development at: http://126.96.36.199/english/hdp/hdwmuje.htm
with plenty of resources.
download their factsheet on Gender and Natural Disasters here and in Spanish here.
||See: Enarson, E. 2000. Gender and Natural Disasters. Working Paper No. 1. InFocus Programme
on Crisis Response and Reconstruction. Geneva: ILO, Recovery and Reconstruction Department
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Ben Wisner original think piece on the El Salvador
"The number of aftershocks, in addition to the
fact that the entire country has been affected one way or the other, constitutes a major
stress on each individual - rescuer and/or victim. This has lead some to advise
the population, incorrectly, to dispose quickly of dead bodies because they
represent a threat to public health. It is a well known fact that people dying in those
conditions are not the cause of epidemics when basic rules of hygiene in corpse
preservation are followed . It is also well known that mass burial has a huge
impact on the mental health of survivors. Being able to identify the bodies of
family and friends, even if only through pictures, facilitates the mourning process. In
addition, the legal implication of mass burials are endless in terms of pension,
insurance, inheritance, etc."
[PAHO, 18 January 2001, emphasis
"Increasingly, authorities ordered
large earth movers to plow through mud, tree limbs and destroyed homes to begin the
process of reconstruction."
[Reuters, 15 Jan. 2001]
"Despite the bulldozers, some
emergency workers sifted through debris for photographs that they piled in a truck so that
mourners might cling to something of their loved ones.
[Reuters, 17 Jan. 2001]
Bulldozers and mass graves. Is there no
respect for public feelings? There is still hope for rescues, or I'm sure some relatives
and friends think so. Bulldozing! How would I feel if Sonia and Gabi were bulldozed? PAHO
and WHO have been trying to educate authorities for decades that cadavers are unpleasant,
but not dangerous to public health under most circumstances. In Mexico City in 1985 there
were protests against Mexican military teams who used dynamite to break up rubble for the
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